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This study describes the first data on larval development and growth of the smooth clam Callista chione under two different temperature regimes (19 and 23 ºC). The mean diameter of the oocytes was 89.5 ± 0.7 micrometers. After seven days, the mean length of D-shaped larvae was 132.9 ± 7.8 micrometers at 19 ºC and 148.38 ± 12.74 micrometers at 23 ºC. Metamorphosis took place between days 32 and 39. Differences in length associated with different culture temperatures were statistically significant on days 11, 13, and 20. At 23 ºC, larvae reached a length of 175.15 micrometers within 11 days, whilst during the same period they reached 137.88 micrometers at 19 ºC (a difference in growth of 39%); however, survival rate was higher at 19 ºC (8%) than at 23 ºC (2%).
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