Feeding habits of three round stingrays (Rajiformes: Urotrygonidae) in the central Mexican Pacific

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JR Flores-Ortega
E Godínez-Domínguez
G González-Sansón
JA Rojo-Vázquez
A Corgos
MY Morales-Jáuregui

Abstract

Stomach contents and dietary overlap of three round stingray species (Urobatis halleri, Urotrygon munda, and Urotrygon rogersi) captured off the central Pacific coast of Mexico were analyzed during the two main hydroclimatic periods (T1 and T2) that characterize the environmental variability in the area. The three round stingray species showed a narrow bathymetric distribution range, and the highest abundances were located at 20 m depth in both seasons. In general, the diets were mainly composed of benthic microcrustaceans (caridean shrimps) and to a lesser extent of fishes, polychaetes, and molluscs. The most abundant prey items in the diets were carideans of the families Processidae and Ogyriididae, and penaeids, followed by brachyuran and stomatopod larvae. All three stingrays exhibited a generalist feeding strategy. The diets showed high overlap values during period T1 in both inter- and intraspecies analyses, but lower values during period T2. There was no evidence of ontogenetic diet changes and sex was not a factor for trophic differences. The slight differences among diets were due to seasonal changes in the soft-bottom macrobenthic invertebrate assemblages in the shallow waters, and relationships like predation and competition were not the main factors influencing the population dynamics of the three stingray species. 

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How to Cite
Flores-Ortega, J., Godínez-Domínguez, E., González-Sansón, G., Rojo-Vázquez, J., Corgos, A., & Morales-Jáuregui, M. (2011). Feeding habits of three round stingrays (Rajiformes: Urotrygonidae) in the central Mexican Pacific. Ciencias Marinas, 37(3), 279–292. https://doi.org/10.7773/cm.v37i3.1871
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Author Biography

E Godínez-Domínguez, Universidad de Guadalajara

Profesor titular del Departamento de Zonas Costeras